Some Common Investments Explained
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Investing can yield greater returns than simply saving money in a bank account. In general the greater the potential for returns the greater the potential for a loss. To help you decide if investing is for you, here are a few basic investments explained at a very high level:
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You can buy either government or corporate bonds. Government bonds come in two forms, treasury/federal or municipal/state, city, and local government. When you purchase bonds, you are purchasing a debt obligation generally between one and ten years, although you can purchase bonds for as long as thirty years.
You are, in effect, lending money to the institution, and for this, you receive interest every year or so, depending on the agreement. These payments are known as coupons, as you get this for as long as the agreement lasts. At the end of the agreement, the bonds mature, and at that point, you get the initial investment paid back to you.
Government bonds are generally less risky than corporate bonds and can be a great investment choice for conservative investments. However, corporate bonds usually have a higher return.
Corporations, though, can fold, meaning that you lose everything. Sometimes even municipalities declare bankruptcy. Bonds are rated by ratings agencies.
There are many types of bonds, but government and corporate are the most common and basic.
Buying stocks means purchasing a share of a company. When you buy a stock you are expecting the company to become more valuable and/or for the company to share its profits with you in the form of a dividend. There are many companies to invest in and each comes with its own risks.
Mutual Funds and Exchange Traded Funds
Mutual Funds and Exchange Traded Funds are pools of investors buying stocks and/or bonds. They are a great way to diversify the risks related with just buying a few companies. They are also managed by professional money managers or they track major indices.
Either way they have delegated investment decisions to professionals, instead of you making the trading decisions.
If you have a little entrepreneurial spirit and have always wanted to run their own company but are concerned about the risk, then maybe aside hustle is a great idea for you. It gives you the chance to set up a small business which you work alongside your current job.
Do you want to make money online simply by searching, shopping, surveys, or playing games?
- Account creation is free
- Big bonus on sign up
- Many ways to earn free money
- Mobile-friendly rewards site and apps
- Simple to complete tasks
- $10 to sign up
- Not exactly passive income
- Redeeming SB points sometimes takes awhile
- It isn't easy to qualify for all surveys
- Customer service isn't the greatest (or fastest)
Some great examples are setting up your own blog, which you can easily do using a platform such as Wix or WordPress, among others. You do not need to understand code to create a website this way.
If you have a spare room, perhaps you can advertise it on Airbnb. Maybe you can start buying and selling online. If you have any specialist knowledge, it may come to the fore here, especially if it is in collector items.
Again, you can even set up your own website to sell items you have discovered. There are so many great side hustles. They are not only a great investment for your money, but it is also an investment in you and your entrepreneurial abilities.
Getting good at it will take time and dedication, but if you can turn this side hustle into a full-time business, you will be rewarded.
This is still a rather new and volatile form of investment. However, it has been profitable for many. Online transactions are fast becoming the main form of transaction globally, and new technology and digital currencies are being created to make these transactions easier.
Technology such as blockchain, created around digital currencies, makes buying and selling online faster, more efficient, transparent, logical, easier to follow, etc.
Undoubtedly, technology, including digital currency, is gaining popularity. Cryptocurrencies may well be a great long-term investment. However, there are a few things you need to consider.
Currently, they are not regulated by any sort of governance, but that may change in the near future. Meaning that they will probably be more controlled, stable, and potentially less likely to rise in profit as Bitcoin did recently. Cryptocurrency has many risks, but they also offer opportunity.
Real Estate is a great tried and tested method to make more of your money. Whether you are just going to invest in your own home or begin a property empire, there are a lot of potential earnings to be made. You can buy to lease out.
However, you need to ensure that you have ensured that the home is set up as mandated in real estate law. You must also set up the right protection to protect yourself from bad tenants. There is always money in terms of buying to do up to. This can be especially profitable if you have a background in construction.
The investments in this article are the most basic, and this overview was very high level. Be sure to check with your financial advisor to fully understand the risk and return of each investment. Also, understand your risk tolerance and how those investments align with your risk appetite.
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Greg is a Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) with 22+ years experience in Financial Services. He has held numerous FINRA Securities licenses (series 7, 63, 65, and 66), and is an expert on Investment Products and Financial Planning. Greg has 22+ years experience as a real estate investor and degrees in Psychology and Philosophy.
Greg has been quoted/interviewed in Yahoo Money, Yahoo Finance, USA Today, Authority Magazine, Realtor.com, Business Insider, and others.
Greg is an avid runner, and the father to identical twin girls and their awesome brother. His love of budgeting and his kids led him to join The Great Resignation in 2021.
Disclaimer: Any Financial Tips on ChaChingQueen are general and informational. Speak with a professional about your specific situation.